Middle Years Programme

Subject: Design
Year 11

MYP Design

As part of the Middle Years Programme (MYP), design challenges all students to:

  1. apply practical and creative thinking skills to solve design problems
  2. explore the role of design in both historical and contemporary contexts
  3. consider their responsibilities when making design decisions and taking action.

MYP design focuses a holistic design process rather than final products and solutions.

IB MYP Design Assessment Criteria

Criterion A: Inquiring and analyzing Maximum: 8

At the end of year 1, students should be able to:
i. explain and justify the need for a solution to a problem
ii. state and prioritize the main points of research needed to develop a solution to the problem
iii. describe the main features of one existing product that inspires a solution to the problem
iv. present the main findings of relevant research.

MYP Year 11 Design Rubric

Criterion A: Inquiring and analyzing Maximum: 8

Students identify the need for a solution to a problem. Students should be able to:

  1. explain and justify the need for a solution to a problem for a specified client/target audience
  2. identify and prioritize primary and secondary research needed to develop a solution to the problem
  3. analyse a range of existing products that inspire a solution to the problem
  4. develop a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.
Criterion B: Developing ideas Maximum: 8

Students develop a solution. Students should be able to:

  1. develop design specifications, which clearly states the success criteria for the design of a solution
  2. develop a range of feasible design ideas, which can be correctly interpreted by others
  3. present the chosen design and justify its selection
  4. develop accurate and detailed planning drawings/diagrams and outline the requirements for the creation of the chosen solution.
Criterion C: Creating the solution Maximum: 8

Students create a solution. Students should be able to:

  1. construct a logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution
  2. demonstrate excellent technical skills when making the solution
  3. follow the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended
  4. fully justify changes made to the chosen design and plan when making the solution a. present the solution as a whole
Criterion D: Evaluating Maximum: 8

Students evaluate the solution. Students should be able to:

  1. design detailed and relevant testing methods, which generate data, to measure the success of the solution
  2. critically evaluate the success of the solution against the design specification
  3. explain how the solution could be improved
  4. explain the impact of the solution on the client/target audience.

Criterion A: Inquiring and Analysing

Explain the needs of the client/target market to solve the problem

Students may ask the following questions to identify a problem from the situation.

  • What is the nature of the problem?
  • Who is it a problem for?
  • Where is the problem occurring?
  • What is the cause of the problem?
  • What effect is the problem having?

Strategies to answer the above questions may include:

  • identifying a target user by applying brainstorming or mind-mapping techniques
  • interviewing, surveying and/or polling potential clients
  • observing, filming and/or photographing users interacting with a product
  • collecting data from experts to confirm there is a real need for a solution to the problem

Include a research plan. Prioritize your research (Highest, Medium, Lowest) and justify your choice.

Analyse a range of products that may solve the problem by identifying their strengths and weaknesses and outline potential areas for improvement. 

Summarize the analysis of relevant data in a clear, concise way, explaining why and how the information is relevant and useful to the development of design ideas.

Do a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats)

Formulate a detailed design brief, clearly articulating what is to be made and why.

Cite all primary and secondary sources of information correctly.

Criterion B: Developing ideas

  • A design specification is a set of constraints, requirements and considerations for a solution. It will include what the solution must or must not have to be successful.
  • Every aspect of a specification must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and testable (SMART).
  • Develop and use a wide variety of techniques to generate a wide range of distinctly different designs.
  • annotate designs with sufficient detail to explain how they meet the requirements of the design specification and to explain design thinking
  • evaluate designs against the specification to identify the most feasible solutions
  • develop the most feasible solutions to create a final design that fully meets the requirements of the design specification.
  • develop a series of accurate drawings/diagrams that include sufficient details of the design for peers/others to interpret correctly to make the solution.

Criterion C: Creating the solution

  • Include a Gantt chart which divides the manufacture of a product into small tasks. It indicates the time estimated for each of these tasks and the resources required.
  • construct a production plan to create the solution that makes effective use of resources and time
  • construct a clear and concise plan that peers will be able to follow to create the solution
  • demonstrate excellent technical skills by using advanced features of the software and exploring new features.
  • justify if you have made any changes when creating the solution.

Criterion D: Evaluating

  • Design a wide range of effective tests to evaluate the solution against the requirements of the design specification (including expert appraisal, user trials, field testing and user observation)
  • An effective and authentic measure of a design solution means that you tested against every aspect of the design specification. These tests can be classified as follows:
    • User observation Peer evaluation
    • Expert appraisal
    • Performance testing
  • The performance of a solution is tested under the conditions in which it would normally be used. You could collect quantitative data is collected through a variety of methods. You could include surveys and interviews.
  • Explain, in detail, how the identified weaknesses and limitations of the solution could be improved
  • To what extent has the client’s or target audience’s problem been solved?
  • To what extent has the design brief been met?
  • How does this solution improve the client’s or target audience’s situation?