Middle Years Programme
As part of the Middle Years Programme (MYP), design challenges all students to:
- apply practical and creative thinking skills to solve design problems
- explore the role of design in both historical and contemporary contexts
- consider their responsibilities when making design decisions and taking action.
MYP design focuses a holistic design process rather than final products and solutions.
IB MYP Design Assessment Criteria
Criterion A: Inquiring and analyzing Maximum: 8
At the end of year 1, students should be able to:
i. explain and justify the need for a solution to a problem
ii. state and prioritize the main points of research needed to develop a solution to the problem
iii. describe the main features of one existing product that inspires a solution to the problem
iv. present the main findings of relevant research.
MYP Year 11 Design Rubric
Criterion A: Inquiring and analyzing Maximum: 8
Students identify the need for a solution to a problem. Students should be able to:
- explain and justify the need for a solution to a problem for a specified client/target audience
- identify and prioritize primary and secondary research needed to develop a solution to the problem
- analyse a range of existing products that inspire a solution to the problem
- develop a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.
Criterion B: Developing ideas Maximum: 8
Students develop a solution. Students should be able to:
- develop design specifications, which clearly states the success criteria for the design of a solution
- develop a range of feasible design ideas, which can be correctly interpreted by others
- present the chosen design and justify its selection
- develop accurate and detailed planning drawings/diagrams and outline the requirements for the creation of the chosen solution.
Criterion C: Creating the solution Maximum: 8
Students create a solution. Students should be able to:
- construct a logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution
- demonstrate excellent technical skills when making the solution
- follow the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended
- fully justify changes made to the chosen design and plan when making the solution a. present the solution as a whole
Criterion D: Evaluating Maximum: 8
Students evaluate the solution. Students should be able to:
- design detailed and relevant testing methods, which generate data, to measure the success of the solution
- critically evaluate the success of the solution against the design specification
- explain how the solution could be improved
- explain the impact of the solution on the client/target audience.
Criterion A: Inquiring and Analysing
Explain the needs of the client/target market to solve the problem
Students may ask the following questions to identify a problem from the situation.
- What is the nature of the problem?
- Who is it a problem for?
- Where is the problem occurring?
- What is the cause of the problem?
- What effect is the problem having?
Strategies to answer the above questions may include:
- identifying a target user by applying brainstorming or mind-mapping techniques
- interviewing, surveying and/or polling potential clients
- observing, filming and/or photographing users interacting with a product
- collecting data from experts to confirm there is a real need for a solution to the problem
Include a research plan. Prioritize your research (Highest, Medium, Lowest) and justify your choice.
Analyse a range of products that may solve the problem by identifying their strengths and weaknesses and outline potential areas for improvement.
Summarize the analysis of relevant data in a clear, concise way, explaining why and how the information is relevant and useful to the development of design ideas.
Do a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats)
Formulate a detailed design brief, clearly articulating what is to be made and why.
Cite all primary and secondary sources of information correctly.
Criterion B: Developing ideas
- A design specification is a set of constraints, requirements and considerations for a solution. It will include what the solution must or must not have to be successful.
- Every aspect of a specification must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and testable (SMART).
- Develop and use a wide variety of techniques to generate a wide range of distinctly different designs.
- annotate designs with sufficient detail to explain how they meet the requirements of the design specification and to explain design thinking
- evaluate designs against the specification to identify the most feasible solutions
- develop the most feasible solutions to create a final design that fully meets the requirements of the design specification.
- develop a series of accurate drawings/diagrams that include sufficient details of the design for peers/others to interpret correctly to make the solution.
Criterion C: Creating the solution
- Include a Gantt chart which divides the manufacture of a product into small tasks. It indicates the time estimated for each of these tasks and the resources required.
- construct a production plan to create the solution that makes effective use of resources and time
- construct a clear and concise plan that peers will be able to follow to create the solution
- demonstrate excellent technical skills by using advanced features of the software and exploring new features.
- justify if you have made any changes when creating the solution.
Criterion D: Evaluating
- Design a wide range of effective tests to evaluate the solution against the requirements of the design specification (including expert appraisal, user trials, field testing and user observation)
- An effective and authentic measure of a design solution means that you tested against every aspect of the design specification. These tests can be classified as follows:
- User observation Peer evaluation
- Expert appraisal
- Performance testing
- The performance of a solution is tested under the conditions in which it would normally be used. You could collect quantitative data is collected through a variety of methods. You could include surveys and interviews.
- Explain, in detail, how the identified weaknesses and limitations of the solution could be improved
- To what extent has the client’s or target audience’s problem been solved?
- To what extent has the design brief been met?
- How does this solution improve the client’s or target audience’s situation?